BILL NO. 112

(as passed, with amendments)

2nd Session, 62nd General Assembly
Nova Scotia
64 Elizabeth II, 2015



Government Bill



Children and Family Services Act
(amended)

CHAPTER 37 OF THE ACTS OF 2015



The Honourable Joanne Bernard
Minister of Community Services



First Reading: April 30, 2015 (LINK TO BILL AS INTRODUCED)

Second Reading: November 12, 2015

Third Reading: December 11, 2015 (WITH COMMITTEE AMENDMENTS)

Royal Assent: December 18, 2015

An Act to Amend Chapter 5
of the Acts of 1990,
the Children and Family Services Act

Be it enacted by the Governor and Assembly as follows:

1 The Preamble to Chapter 5 of the Acts of 1990, the Children and Family Services Act, is amended by adding immediately after the twelfth paragraph the following paragraph:

2 (1) Subsection 3(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) relettering clause (a) as clause (aa) and adding immediately preceding that clause the following clause:

(b) adding "and Mi'kmaw Family and Children's Services of Nova Scotia" immediately after "agency" in the last line of re-lettered clause (aa);

(c) striking out clause (b) and substituting the following clause:

(d) striking out "sixteen years of age unless the context otherwise requires" in the first and second lines of clause (e) and substituting "nineteen years of age";

(e) striking out subclause (g)(iii) and substituting the following subclause:

(f) striking out subclauses (h)(ii) and (iii);

(g) striking out subclause (h)(v) and substituting the following subclause:

(h) striking out subclauses (h)(vii) to (ix);

(i) striking out clauses (i) to (k) and substituting the following clauses:

(j) adding immediately after clause (l) the following clauses:

(k) adding immediately after clause (n) the following clause:

(l) adding immediately after clause (o) the following clause:

(m) striking out clause (p) and substituting the following clause:

(n) striking out subclauses (r)(i) and (ii) and substituting the following subclauses:

(o) striking out subclauses (r)(iii) and (v);

(p) adding ", has custody of the child" immediately after "order" in the second line of subclause (r)(vi);

(q) striking out "an individual who has acknowledged paternity of the child and" in the first two lines of subclause (r)(vii) and substituting "a mother or father"; and

(r) striking out clause (t) and substituting the following clauses:

(2) Subsection 3(2) of Chapter 5 is amended by adding immediately after clause (g) the following clause:

3 Section 7 of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out the comma in the second line and substituting "and"; and

(b) striking out "and child-placing agencies" in the second and third lines.

4 Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after Section 12 the following Section:

5 Section 13(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "the care of the child's parent or guardian" in the fifth and sixth lines and substituting "or placed in the care of a parent or guardian of the child".

6 Section 14 of Chapter 5 is repealed and the following subsection substituted:

7 Section 15 of Chapter 5 is amended by adding immediately after subsection (3) the following subsection:

8 Subsection 16(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out clauses (a) to (d) and substituting the following clause:

and

(b) striking out "for the care and treatment of emotionally disturbed children" in the first, second and third lines of clause (e).

9 (1) Subsection 19(1) of Chapter 5 is repealed and the following subsection substituted:

(2) Subsection 19(2) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "A special-needs" in the first line and substituting "A services".

(3) Subsection 19(3) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "A special-needs" in the first line and substituting "A services".

10 Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after Section 19 the following Section:

11 (1) Subsection 21(2) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "a stay of the proceedings" in the second last and last lines and substituting "an order for mediation".

(2) Subsection 21(3) of Chapter 5 is repealed and the following subsections substituted:

12 Subsection 22(2) of Chapter 5, as amended by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is further amended by

(a) striking out clauses (f) and (g) and substituting the following clauses:

(b) striking out "or" the first time it appears in the fifth line of clause (h);

(c) adding ", or fails to co-operate with the provision of" immediately after "to" the second time it appears in the sixth line of clause (h);

(d) striking out clauses (i) to (k) and substituting the following clauses:

(e) striking out "or" the first time it appears in the sixth line of clause (l); and

(f) adding ", or fails to co-operate with the provision of" immediately after "to" the second time it appears in the seventh line of clause (l).

13 Subsection 24(2) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "is or may be suffering or may have suffered abuse" in the fourth last and third last lines and substituting the following clauses:

14 Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after Section 24 the following Section:

15 Subsections 25(1) and (2) of Chapter 5 are repealed and the following subsections substituted:

16 Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after Section 25 the following Section:

17 (1) Subsection 27(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) adding "who is under the age of sixteen years or who is a child in care" immediately after "child" in the second line; and

(b) striking out clause (b) and adding the following clause:

(2) Subsection 27(2) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out clauses (a) and (b) and substituting the following clauses:

18 (1) Subsection 28(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "Where" in the first line and substituting "Subject to subsection (1A), where".

(2) Section 28 of Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after subsection (1) the following subsection:

(3) Section 28 of Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after subsection (2) the following subsection:

19 (1) Subsection 29(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "or" at the end of clause (c);

(b) striking out the period at the end of clause (d) and substituting "; or"; and

(c) adding immediately after clause (d) the following clause:

(2) Section 29 of Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after subsection (3) the following subsection:

20 (1) Subsection 30(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "Trial Division of the" in the second line; and

(b) striking out ", including a local judge thereof," in the second and third lines.

(2) Subsection 30(4) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "Trial Division of the" in the third line; and

(b) striking out ", including a local judge thereof," in the third and fourth lines.

21 Section 31 of Chapter 5 is repealed and the following Section substituted:

22 Section 32 of Chapter 5 is amended by adding "under sixteen years of age" immediately after "child" in the second line.

23 Subsection 33(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "at any time before or after an application to determine whether a child is in need of protective services has been commenced," in the second, third and fourth lines and substituting the following clauses:

24 Subsection 34(5) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "approriate" and substituting "appropriate".

25 (1) Subsection 36(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "pursuaut" in the first and second lines of clause (e) and substituting "pursuant"; and

(b) striking out clause (f) and substituting the following clause:

(2) Subsection 36(3) of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is amended by

(a) striking out "known to be Indian or may be Indian" in the second line and substituting "is or is entitled to be a Mi'kmaq child"; and

(b) striking out "Mi'kmaq" in the third line and substituting "Mi'kmaw".

(3) Subsection 36(4) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out ", who has cared for the child continuously during the six months immediately before the hearing or application," in the fourth, fifth and sixth lines and substituting "of the child".

(4) Section 36 of Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after subsection (4) the following subsection:

26 Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after Section 36 the following Section:

27 (1) Subsection 37(2) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "and be represented by counsel" in the fourth and fifth lines; and

(b) striking out "and representation" in the second last line.

(2) Section 37 is further amended by adding immediately after subsection (2) the following subsection:

(3) Subsection 37(3) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "twelve" in the second last line and substituting "sixteen".

28 (1) Subsection 39(4) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out clause (a);

(b) striking out "or" in the first line of clause (b) and substituting a comma;

(c) adding "or be placed in" immediately after "to" in the second line of clause (b);

(d) adding " or third party " immediately after "guardian" in the second line of clause (b);

(e) adding " or third party " immediately after "guardian" in the second and third lines of clause (d);

(f) adding immediately after clause (d) the following clause:

(g) striking out "other person" in the first line of clause (f) and substituting "third party"; and

(h) striking out clause (g) and substituting the following clauses:

(2) Section 39 is further amended by adding immediately after subsection (4) the following subsection:

29 (1) Subsection 40(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out ", hold a protection hearing and determine whether the child is in need of protective services." in the second last and last line and substituting the following clauses:

(a) hold a protection hearing and determine whether the child is in need of protective services; or

(b) refer the parties to conferencing , which may proceed as a family group conference, if

(2) Subsection 40(3) of Chapter 5 is amended by adding "or third party" immediately after "guardian" in the first line.

(3) Section 40 of Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after subsection (3) the following subsection:

30 Chapter 5 is further amended by adding after Section 40 the following Sections:

31 (1) Subsection 41(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "hold a disposition hearing and make a disposition order pursuant to Section 42" in the third and fourth lines and substituting the following clauses:

(2) Clause 41(3)(c) of Chapter 5 is repealed.

(3) Subsection 41(4) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "and, where the child is twelve years of age or more, whether the child has consulted" in the second and third lines of clause (b);

(b) striking out "and" at the end of clause (b);

(c) striking out the period at the end of clause (c) and substituting "; and"; and

(d) adding immediately after clause (c) the following clause:

32 (1) Subsection 42(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "or" in the first line of clause (b) and substituting a comma;

(b) adding "or be placed in" immediately after "to" in the second line of clause (b) ;

(c) adding " or third party " immediately after "guardian" in the second line of clause (b);

(d) adding "or third party" immediately after "guardian" in the third line of clause (c); and

(e) adding immediately after clause (c) the following clause:

(2) Subsection 42(3) of Chapter 5 is repealed and the following subsection substituted:

33 (1) Subsection 43(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out clause (e) and substituting the following clause:

(b) adding ", including family group conferencing," immediately after "services" in the first line of clause (f);

and

(c) striking out clause (g) and substituting the following clause:

(2) Subsection 43(4) of Chapter 5 is repealed.

34 (1) Subsection 44(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "by a parent or guardian to the child" in the first and second lines of clause (a) and substituting "by a child to a parent or guardian or third party";

(b) adding "or third party" immediately after "guardian" in the third line of clause (a);

(c) striking out clause (b);

(d) adding ", including family group conferencing," immediately after "services" in the first line of clause (c); and

(e) striking out clause (d) and substituting the following clause:

(2) Subsection 44(3) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "and" at the end of clause (c);

(b) striking out the period at the end of clause (d) and substituting "; and"; and

(c) adding the following clause immediately after clause (d):

35 Section 45 of Chapter 5 is repealed and the following Sections substituted:

36 Clause 46(5)(c) is amended by striking out "43 for supervision orders and in Section 45 for orders for temporary care and custody" in the third, fourth and fifth lines and substituting "45".

37 (1) Subsections 47(2) to (4) of Chapter 5 are repealed and the following subsections substituted:

(2) Where the court makes an order for permanent care and custody, the court shall not make any order for access by a parent, guardian or other person.

(3) Where a child is the subject of an order for permanent care and custody and the agency considers it to be in the child's best interests, the agency shall, where possible, facilitate communication or contact between the child and

(a) a relative of the child; or

(b) a person who has an established relationship with the child.

(2) Subsection 47(5) of Chapter 5 is amended by adding ", religion" immediately after "race" in the third line.

38 Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after Section 47 the following Section:

39 (1) Clause 48(1)(a) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "because the child is pursuing an education program or" in the second and third lines.

(2) Subsection 48(3) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "or to vary access under such an order" in the second and third lines; and

(b) striking out "or variation of access" in the second last and last lines.

(3) Subsection 48(4) of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996 and amended by Chapter 15 of the Acts of 2005, is further amended by striking out "or to vary or terminate access under such an order" in the fifth line.

(4) Subsection 48(6) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out clause (a) and substituting the following clause:

(b) adding immediately after clause (b) the following clause:

(c) striking out "within" in the first line of clause (c) and substituting "after";

(d) striking out "after" in the first line of subclause (c)(i) and substituting "from";

(e) striking out "after" in the first line of subclause (c)(ii) and substituting "from"; and

(f) striking out "after" in the first line of subclause (c)(iii) and substituting "from".

(5) Section 48 of Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after subsection (6) the following subsection:

(6) Subsection 48(7) of Chapter 5 is amended by adding "by the agency" immediately after "application" in the first line.

(7) Section 48 of Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after subsection (7) the following subsection:

(8) Subsection 48(8) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) adding "or third party " immediately after "guardian" in the third and fourth lines of clause (c); and

(b) adding "or third party " immediately after "guardian" in the fourth line of clause (d).

( 9 ) Subsection 48(11) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "or to vary access to the child" in the first and second lines of clause (b); and

(b) striking out "in the form prescribed by the regulations" in the tenth and eleventh lines.

40 Subsection 49(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "thirty" in the fourth line and substituting "twenty- five ".

41 Subsection 52(2) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "costs for maintaining the child pursuant to this Act, during the time which the child is cared for by an agency prior to and after the making of the order and a sum equal to the expenses incurred for taking the child into care, or in lieu thereof, a lump sum determined by the Governor in Council" in the eighth to thirteenth lines and substituting "amount , as prescribed by the regulations, payable for maintaining a child in care until the child reaches nineteen years of age, is adopted, marries or the court terminates the order for permanent care and custody ".

42 Section 53 of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "Family Maintenance" in the last line and substituting "Maintenance and Custody".

43 Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after Section 53 the following Section:

44 Subsection 55(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) adding "and" at the end of clause (a);

(b) striking out "; and" at the end of clause (b) and substituting a period; and

(c) striking out clause (c).

45 (1) Subsection 56(2) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "and, where the child in care is not a child in permanent care and custody, upon the child's parent or guardian" in the second, third and fourth lines.

(2) Section 56 of Chapter 5 is amended by adding immediately after subsection (2) the following subsections:

(3) Subsection 56(3) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "thirty" in the third line and substituting "forty-five" ;

(b) adding "and" at the end of clause (a);

(c) striking out "; and" at the end of clause (b) and substituting a period; and

(d) striking out clause (c).

(4) Subsection 56(4) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) adding "and" at the end of clause (b); and

(b) striking out clause (c).

46 (1) Subsection 57(1) of Chapter 5 is repealed and the following subsections substituted:

(2) Section 57 is further amended by adding immediately after subsection (2) the following subsection:

47 (1) Subsection 58(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "other than the parent or guardian of a child in permanent care and custody" in the fourth and fifth lines and substituting "if the parent or guardian was a party to the application respecting the order".

(2) Subsection 58(2) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "other than the parent or guardian of a child in the permanent care and custody" in the third, fourth and fifth lines and substituting ", if the parent or guardian was a party to the application for the order".

48 Subsection 59(3) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "or agent" in the second last line and substituting ", representative or person designated by the Minister in accordance with the regulations".

49 Subsection 60(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by adding "to attend legal proceedings or" immediately after "facility" in the third and fourth lines.

50 Clause 62(c) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out ", demonstrated by severe anxiety, depression, withdrawal, or self-destructive or aggressive behaviour," in the first, second and third lines.

51 Clause 63(2)(b) of Chapter 5 is amended by adding "or involving" immediately after "against" in the second line.

52 Subsection 64(2) of Chapter 5 is amended by adding ", upon providing written notice to the Minister," immediately after "may" in the second line.

53 Subsections 66(4) and (5) of Chapter 5 are repealed and the following subsection substituted:

54 Subsection 67(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) adding immediately after clause (c) the following clause:

(b) striking out "child is a legitimate or legitimated" in the second line of subclause (f)(ii) and substituting "father was, at the time of the child's birth, married to or in a common-law relationship with the mother of the"; and

(c) striking out "paternity" in the second line of subclause (f)(vi) and substituting "parentage".

55 (1) Subsection 68(1) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "a child-placing" in the second line and substituting "an"; and

(b) striking out "child-placing" in the third line.

(2) Subsection 68(4) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "child-placing" in the fifth line.

(3) Subsection 68(6) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "child-placing" in the third line.

(4) Subsection 68(7) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "child-placing" in the fourth line.

(5) Subsection 68(8) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "child-placing" in the second line.

(6) Subsection 68(10) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "child-placing" in the second line.

(7) Subsection 68(11) of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is amended by

(a) striking out "Mi'kmaq Family and Children's Services" in the first and second and in the last lines and substituting in each case "Mi'kmaw Family and Children's Services of Nova Scotia" ; and

(b) striking out "is or may be an Indian" in the fourth line and substituting "is or is entitled to be a Mi'kmaq".

(8) Subsection 68(12) of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is amended by

(a) striking out "is or may be an Indian" in the fifth line and substituting "is or is entitled to be a Mi'kmaq"; and

(b) striking out "Mi'kmaq Family and Children's Services" in the sixth and seventh lines and substituting "Mi'kmaw Family and Children's Services of Nova Scotia".

56 (1) Subsection 68A(1) of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is amended by

(a) striking out "child-placing" in the fifth line, in the second line of clause (a) and in the first line of clause (c); and

(b) striking out clause (b).

(2) Subsection 68A(3) of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is amended by

(a) striking out "a child-placing" in the first and second lines and substituting "an";

(b) striking out "child-placing" in the third line, in the third line of clause (a), in the third line of clause (b) and in the third last line; and

(c) striking out clause (c).

(3) Clause 68A(4)(a) of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is amended by striking out "child-placing" in the first and in the third and fourth lines.

(4) Subsection 68A(5) of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is amended by

(a) striking out "a child-placing" in the first line and substituting "an"; and

(b) striking out "child-placing" in third and in the seventh lines.

(5) Subsection 68A(6) of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is amended by striking out "child-placing" in the last line.

57 Subsection 70(1) of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is amended by

(a) striking out "a child-placing" in the first and second lines of clause (a) and substituting "an";

(b) striking out "or" at the end of clause (b);

(c) striking out the period at the end of clause (c) and substituting "; or"; and

(d) adding immediately after clause (c) the following clause:

58 (1) Clause 70A(1)(d) of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is amended by striking out "a child-placing" in the second line and substituting "an".

(2) Section 70A of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is further amended by adding immediately after subsection (1) the following subsection:

(3) Clause 70A(2)(a) of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is amended by striking out "a child-placing" in the first and second lines and substituting "an".

59 (1) Subsection 72(2) of Chapter 5 is amended by adding ", by marriage or common-law relationship" immediately after "wife" in the second and in the third lines.

(2) Subsection 72(3) of Chapter 5 is amended by adding ", by marriage or common-law relationship," immediately after "wife" in the first line.

(3) Subsection 72(4) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) adding ", by marriage or common-law relationship," immediately after "wife" in the first line; and

(b) striking out "legitimate parent" in the second line and substituting "father or mother".

60 (1) Clause 74(5)(a) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "a child-placing" in the second line and substituting "an".

(2) Subsection 74(9) of Chapter 5 is repealed.

(3) Subsection 74(12) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "Family Maintenance" in the second line and substituting "Maintenance and Custody".

61 Subsection 76(1) of Chapter 5, as amended by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996 and Chapter 15 of the Acts of 2005, is further amended by

(a) striking out "and" at the end of clause (b);

(b) striking out the period and substituting "; and" at the end of clause (c); and

(c) adding the following clause immediately after clause (c):

(d) where the child is, or is entitled to be a Mi'kmaq child, a cultural connection plan has been developed.

62 Subsection 78(4) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "to the MicMac" in the second last line and substituting ", where the child is or is entitled to be a Mi'kmaq child, to the Mi'kmaw".

63 Chapter 5 is further amended by

(a) renumbering Section 78A as 78B; and

(b) adding immediately before renumbered Section 78B the following Section:

64 Subsection 79(3) of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "Family Maintenance" in the last line and substituting "Maintenance and Custody".

65 (1) Clause 80(1)(a) of Chapter 5 is amended by

(a) striking out "father and mother" in the third line and substituting "parents"; and

(b) striking out "in lawful wedlock" in the fourth and fifth lines.

(2) Subsection 80(2) of Chapter 5 is repealed and the following subsection substituted:

(3) Chapter 5 is further amended by adding immediately after subsection (3) the following subsection:

66 Section 87 of Chapter 5, as enacted by Chapter 5 of the Acts of 2002, is amended by

(a) adding "or, where the child is pursuing an education program, the child is under the age of twenty-one years" immediately after "years" in the second line of clause (b); and

(b) striking out "or a child-placing agency" in the second line of clause (c).

67 Section 88 of Chapter 5 is repealed and the following Sections substituted:

68 Subsection 92(1) of Chapter 5, as amended by Chapter 10 of the Acts of 1996, is further amended by adding "a temporary-care agreement pursuant to Section 17," immediately after "of" in the first line.

69 Section 95 of Chapter 5 is amended by striking out "court" in the first line and substituting "Provincial Court".

70 Section 98 of Chapter 5 is repealed and the following Section substituted:

71 (1) Subsection 99(1) of Chapter 5, as amended by Chapter 7 of the Acts of 1994-94, Chapter 3 of the Acts of 1996, Chapter 3 of the Acts of 2001 and Chapter 5 of the Acts of 2002, is further amended by

(a) striking out the comma in the fourth line of clause (f) and substituting "and";

(b) striking out "and child-placing agencies" in the last line of clause (f);

(c) striking out the second comma in the second line of clause (g) and substituting "and";

(d) striking out "and child-placing agencies" in the third line of clause (g);

(e) adding "and foster parents" immediately after "homes" in the second line of clause (h);

(f) adding immediately after clause (i) the following clause:

(g) adding ", services agreements, placement agreements" immediately after "agreements" in the second and third lines of clause (k);

(h) adding immediately after clause (s) the following clause:

(i) adding immediately after clause (u) the following clause:

and

(j) striking out "for employment purposes" in the second and third lines of clause (za).

(2) Subsection 99(1A) of Chapter 5 is repealed.

72 Sections 101 to 103 of Chapter 5 are repealed.

73 Sections 105 and 106 of Chapter 5 are repealed.

74 Chapter 5 is further amended by

(a) striking out "an agent" wherever it appears in Chapter 5 and substituting in each case "a representative";

(b) striking out "the agent" wherever it appears in Chapter 5 and substituting in each case "the representative"; and

(c) striking out "agents" wherever it appears in Chapter 5 and substituting in each case "representatives".

75 Any proceeding commenced pursuant to the Children and Family Services Act before the day on which this Act came into force and not finally disposed of before that day shall be dealt with and disposed of in accordance with the Children and Family Services Act as it read immediately before that day, as though this Act had not come into force.

76 This Act comes into force on such day as the Governor in Council orders and declares by proclamation.


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