(c) unless otherwise stated in the by-law, applies to the municipality.
(2) In addition to the powers specifically conferred pursuant to this Act or another Act of the Legislature, a municipality may provide, in a by-law, for matters incidental or conducive to the exercise of the specified powers.
171 (1) Subject to Part VIII, in this Act, the power to
(a) license, includes the power to regulate;
(b) regulate, includes the power to license; and
(c) regulate includes the power to prohibit.
(2) A by-law shall not be inconsistent with an enactment of the Province or of Canada.
172 (1) A council may make by-laws, for municipal purposes, respecting
(a) the health, well being, safety and protection of persons;
(b) the safety and protection of property;
(c) persons, activities and things in, on or near a public place or place that is open to the public;
(d) nuisances, activities and things that, in the opinion of the council, may be or may cause nuisances, including noise, weeds, burning, odours, fumes and vibrations and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, by-laws
(ii) distinguishing between one type of noise and another,
(iii) providing that any noise or sound greater than a specific decibel level or other measurement of noise or sound is prohibited,
(iv) prescribing the hours during which certain noises, or all noise above a certain level, specified in the by-law is prohibited,
(v) authorizing the granting of exemptions in such cases as the by-law provides,
(vi) providing that it is an offence to engage in any activity that unreasonably disturbs or tends to disturb the peace and tranquility of a neighbourhood;
(f) businesses, business activities and persons engaged in business;
(g) automatic machines;
(h) the appointment of a day to be a civic holiday;
(i) a requirement that pawnbrokers report all transactions by pawn or purchase;
(j) regulation of the application and use of pesticides, herbicides and insecticides for the maintenance of outdoor trees, shrubs, flowers, other ornamental plants and turf on the part of a property used for residential purposes and on property of the municipality and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, the by-law may
(ii) establish a registration scheme, that is open to the public, in which a resident who has a medical reason for objecting to pesticides, herbicides and insecticides being so used may file with the clerk an objection to them being so used in the vicinity of the property on which the person resides,
(iii) require that notices be served on the residents of properties registered pursuant to the registration scheme within the distance specified in the by-law when pesticides, herbicides or insecticides are to be so used and regulate the form, time and manner of the notice, and
(iv) specify the circumstances in which the posting or serving of notices is not required,
(k) services provided by, or on behalf of, the municipality;
(l) the enforcement of by-laws made under the authority of a statute, including
(ii) remedies for the contravention of by-laws, including undertaking or directing the remedying of a contravention, apprehending, removing, impounding or disposing, including the sale or destruction, of plants, animals, vehicles, improvements or other things and charging and collecting the costs thereof as a first lien on the property affected,
(iii) the creation of offences,
(iv) for each offence, imposing a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars or imprisonment for not more than one year or both, including the imposition of a minimum fine,
(v) providing for the imposition of a penalty for an offence that is in addition to a fine or imprisonment if the penalty relates to a fee, cost, rate, toll or charge that is associated with the conduct that gives rise to the offence,
(vi) providing for imprisonment, for not more than one year, for non-payment of a fine or penalty,
(vii) providing that a person who contravenes a by-law may pay an amount established by by-law and if the amount is paid the person will not be prosecuted for the contravention,
(viii) providing, with respect to a by-law, that in a prosecution for violation of the by-law, evidence that one person is disturbed or offended is prima facie evidence that the public, or the neighbourhood, is disturbed or offended.
(a) regulate or prohibit;
(b) regulate any development, activity, industry, business, animal or thing in different ways, divide each of them into classes and deal with each class in different ways;
(c) provide that in a prosecution for violation of a by-law, evidence that one neighbour is disturbed is prima facie evidence that the neighbourhood is disturbed;
(d) adopt by reference, in whole or in part, with changes that the council considers necessary or advisable, a code or standard and require compliance with it;
(e) provide for a system of licences, permits or approvals, including any or all of
(ii) prohibiting any development, activity, industry, business or thing until a licence, permit or approval is granted,
(iii) providing that terms and conditions may be imposed on a licence, permit or approval, the nature of the terms and conditions and who may impose them,
(iv) setting out the conditions that shall be met before a licence, permit or approval is granted or renewed, the nature of the conditions and who may impose them,
(v) providing for the duration of licences, permits and approvals and their suspension or cancellation for failure to comply with a term or condition or the by-law or for any other reason specified in the by-law;
173 Without limiting the generality of Section 172, notwithstanding the Motor Vehicle Act, a council may, by by-law, regulate vending, any class of vending, mobile vendors and the placement of vending machines on the streets of the municipality.
174 Without limiting the generality of Section 172, a council may make by-laws respecting
(a) the regulation and licensing of persons owning or operating rooming houses or boarding houses and regulating the maintenance, administration, operation and occupancy of buildings used as rooming houses or boarding houses and the land on which they are located;
(b) the prevention and fighting of fires;
(c) the firing of firearms;
(d) fire and burglar alarms;
(e) off-road vehicles on public or private property;
(f) wild and domestic animals and activities in relation to them.
175 (1) Without limiting the generality of Section 172, a council may make by-laws
(a) regulating the running at large of dogs, including permitting the running at large of dogs in certain places or at certain times;
(b) imposing a registration fee upon the owner of every dog, the amount to be set by policy, for such length of time as is specified in the by-law with the power to impose a larger fee for female dogs than for male dogs, or for unspayed or unneutered dogs than for spayed or neutered dogs;
(c) requiring tags for the identification of dogs registered under the by-law;
(d) exempting from any registration fee a dog that is a stray dog and is harboured for up to the maximum period of time set by by-law;
(e) defining fierce or dangerous dogs, including defining them by breed, cross-breed, partial breed or type;
(f) regulating the keeping of fierce or dangerous dogs;
(g) prohibiting the keeping of a dog that persistently disturbs the quiet of the neighbourhood by barking, howling, or otherwise;
(h) authorizing the dog control officer to impound, sell, kill or otherwise dispose of dogs
(ii) in respect of which the fee or tax imposed by a by-law is not paid,
(iii) that are fierce or dangerous,
(iv) that are rabid or appear to be rabid or exhibiting symptoms of canine madness,
(v) that persistently disturb the quiet of a neighbourhood by barking, howling or otherwise;
(j) requiring the owner of a dog to provide a written statement of the number of dogs owned, harboured or that are habitually kept upon the premises occupied by the owner.
(2) A dog that is trained to assist and assists a person with a disability is exempt from any registration fee.
(3) Where a dog tag is required by by-law, the dog tag shall bear a serial number and the year in which it is issued and a record shall be kept showing the name and address of the owner and the serial number of the tag.
(4) The owner of a kennel of purebred dogs that are registered with the Canadian Kennel Club may, in any year, pay a fee set by council, by policy, as a tax upon the kennel for that year and upon payment of the amount, the owner of the kennel is exempt from any further fee regarding the dogs for that year.
(5) Where required by by-law to do so, the owner of a dog may enter upon private property to remove the dog's feces.
176 (1) Where a peace officer believes, on reasonable grounds, that a person is harbouring, keeping or has under care, control or direction a dog that is fierce or dangerous, rabid or appears to be rabid, that exhibits symptoms of canine madness or that persistently disturbs the quiet of a neighbourhood by barking, howling or otherwise, a justice of the peace may, by warrant, authorize and empower the person named in the warrant to
(a) enter and search the place where the dog is, at any time;
(b) open or remove any obstacle preventing access to the dog; and
(c) seize and deliver the dog to the pound and for such purpose, break, remove or undo any fastening of the dog to the premises.
(2) Where the person named in the warrant is unable to seize the dog in safety, the person may destroy the dog.
(3) The peace officer shall appear before, and satisfy, the justice of the peace of the grounds for belief before a warrant pursuant to this Section may be issued.
177 At the trial of a charge laid against the owner of a dog that is fierce or dangerous contrary to a by-law, in addition to the penalty, the judge may order that the
(a) dog be destroyed or otherwise dealt with; and
(b) owner pay any costs incurred by the municipality related to the dog, including costs related to the seizure, impounding, or destruction of the dog,
and it is not necessary to prove that the
(c) dog previously attacked or injured a domestic animal, person or property;
(d) dog had a propensity to injure or to damage a domestic animal, person or property; or
(e) defendant knew that the dog had such propensity or was, or is, accustomed to doing acts causing injury or damage.
178 A person may kill or destroy a rabid dog or other rabid animal found at large and may secure and confine a dog or other animal at large and appearing to be rabid or exhibiting symptoms of canine madness.
179 Upon the trial of an action brought against the owner or harbourer of a dog for any injury caused, or damage occasioned by, such dog, it is not necessary to prove knowledge by, or notice to, the owner or harbourer of any mischievous propensity of the dog.
180 (1) The council may, by by-law, designate lands owned by a municipality as protected water supply areas.
(2) No person shall
(a) place, or permit to escape, any matter or thing of an offensive nature, deleterious nature or likely to impair the quality of water for use for domestic purposes, upon land in a protected water supply area;
(b) fish or bathe in a lake, or other body of water, in a protected water supply area;
(c) camp on land in a protected water supply area;
(d) cut wood or erect, construct or place a building or structure in a protected water supply area without the permission of the council.
(3) The Angling Act does not apply to a lake, river or stream forming part of a water supply area of a municipality or village or to the land surrounding or adjacent to them.
181 (1) Without limiting the generality of Section 172, a council may make by-laws
(a) prescribing minimum standards of sanitation, plumbing, water supply, lighting, wiring, ventilation, heating, access, maintenance, appearance, construction and material for buildings, or parts thereof, occupied for residential purposes, whether the building, or part thereof, is erected, constructed or converted to residential purposes before or after the date of the making of the by-law;
(b) limiting the number of persons who may reside in a building or part thereof;
(c) imposing on the owner, tenant or occupant, or any one or more of them, the responsibility for complying with the by-law;
(d) providing for notice to an owner, occupant or tenant, or any one or more of them, to discontinue the residential use of a building, or part thereof, in contravention of the by-law; and
(e) prescribing penalties for such residential use after notice to discontinue the use is given.
(2) The council may make by-laws prescribing minimum standards of sanitation, plumbing, water supply, lighting, wiring, ventilation, heating, access, maintenance, appearance, construction and material for buildings, or parts thereof, occupied for commercial purposes.
(3) Where a person contravenes a by-law made pursuant to this Section, the administrator may apply to the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia for any or all of the remedies provided pursuant to this Section.
(4) The Supreme Court of Nova Scotia may hear and determine the matter at any time and, in addition to any other remedy or relief, may make an order
(a) restraining the continuance, or repetition of, a contravention and a new or further contravention in respect of the same building or structure;
(b) directing the removal or destruction of the building or structure, or part thereof, that is in contravention of, or fails to comply with, the by-law and authorizing the administrator, where an order is not complied with, to enter upon the land and premises with necessary workers and equipment and remove and destroy the building or structure, or part thereof, at the expense of the owner;
(c) regarding the recovery of the expense of removal and destruction, an order to enforce the by-law and an order as to costs, as the Court determines is proper,
and an order may be interlocutory, interim or final.
(5) Where there is another contravention of a by-law made pursuant to this Section by the same person after an application is made pursuant to subsection (3),
(a) it is not necessary to bring a further application;
(b) the original application may be amended from time to time, and at any time before final judgment so as to include the other offences; and
(c) the whole matter of the contraventions shall be heard, dealt with and determined.
(6) Where the administrator cannot find the owner of a building or structure in respect of which a contravention is taking place or has taken place, notice of the application may be posted upon the building or structure.
(7) The standards of a by-law passed pursuant to this Section shall be consistent with the standards prescribed pursuant to the Building Code Act and regulations.
182 Every person who makes a false statement in an application for a licence to be issued by a municipality is guilty of an offence.
183 (1) A
(b) licence fee,
imposed pursuant to this Act may, unless otherwise provided, be recovered and enforced with costs on summary conviction.
(2) A penalty for a contravention of this Act or a by-law of the municipality made pursuant to this Act or another Act of the Legislature shall, when collected, be paid to the municipality.
(3) A penalty or fine pursuant to a by-law of the municipality, unless otherwise provided, belongs to, and forms part of, the general revenue of the municipality.
(a) a building is erected, being erected or being used in contravention of a by-law of the municipality;
(b) land is being used in contravention of a by-law of the municipality;
(c) a breach of a by-law is anticipated or is of a continuing nature; or
(d) a person is carrying on business, or doing any thing, without having paid the licence or permit fee required,
the municipality may apply to a judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia for an injunction or other order and the judge may make any order that the justice of the case requires.
185 A municipality and its officers and employees are not liable for damages caused by it in remedying or attempting to remedy a contravention unless the municipality was grossly negligent.
186 Unless otherwise provided in an enactment, a by-law made by a council pursuant to this Act or another Act of the Legislature is not subject to the approval of the Minister.
187 (1) A council shall keep one copy of every by-law and one copy of every policy, certified by the clerk under the seal of the municipality that it was passed or made and, in the case of a by-law requiring the approval of a minister of the Crown, bearing the approval of the minister.
(2) The clerk shall file a certified copy of the notice of publication of the by-law with every by-law entered in the by-law records.
(3) The by-law records shall be maintained by the clerk.
(4) The original by-laws shall be open to inspection by any person at a reasonable time, but shall not be removed from the office of the clerk and the production of an original by-law in a court shall not be required on subpoena but only upon order of the court or a judge after satisfactory cause is shown.
(5) The clerk shall
(a) print all of the by-laws of the municipality from time to time in force;
(b) keep printed copies of the by-laws, amended to date, for sale; and
(c) provide a copy of a by-law, amended to date, to a person requesting one, at a reasonable price, having regard to the cost of printing the by-law.
188 (1) A copy of a by-law made pursuant to this Act or another Act of the Legislature purporting to be certified by the clerk, under the seal of the municipality, to
(a) be a true copy of a by-law passed by the council;
(b) have received all required approvals,
shall be received in evidence as prima facie proof of its passing, receipt of all required approvals, publication, being in force and the contents of it without further proof in any court, unless it is specially pleaded or alleged that the seal or the signature of the clerk was forged.
(2) Printed documents, certified by the clerk, purporting to be printed copies of any or all by-laws passed by the council shall be admitted in evidence in all courts in the Province as prima facie proof of the by-laws and of the due passing of them.
189 (1) A person may, by notice of motion which shall be served at least seven days before the day on which the motion is to be made, apply to a judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia to quash a by-law, order, policy or resolution of the council of a municipality, in whole or in part, for illegality.
(2) No by-law may be quashed for a matter of form only or for a procedural irregularity.
(3) The judge may quash the by-law, order, policy or resolution, in whole or in part, and may, according to the result of the application, award costs for or against the municipality and determine the scale of the costs.
(4) No application shall be entertained pursuant to this Section to quash a by-law, order, policy or resolution, in whole or in part, unless the application is made within three months of the publication of the by-law or the making of the order, policy or resolution, as the case may be.
190 The purpose of this Part is to
(a) enable the Province to identify and protect its interests in the use and development of land;
(b) enable municipalities to assume the primary authority for planning within their respective jurisdictions, consistent with their urban or rural character, through the adoption of municipal planning strategies and land-use by-laws consistent with interests and regulations of the Province;
(c) establish a consultative process to ensure the right of the public to have access to information and to participate in the formulation of planning strategies and by-laws, including the right to be notified and heard before decisions are made pursuant to this Part; and
(d) provide for the fair, reasonable and efficient administration of this Part.
191 In this Part and Part IX, unless the context otherwise requires
(a) "aggrieved person" includes
(ii) an incorporated organization, the objects of which include promoting or protecting the quality of life of persons residing in the neighbourhood affected by the council's decision, or features, structures or sites of the community affected by the council's decision, having significant cultural, architectural or recreational value, and
(iii) an incorporated or unincorporated organization in which the majority of members are individuals referred to in subclause (i);
(c) "development" includes the erection, construction, alteration, placement, location, replacement or relocation of, or addition to, a structure and a change or alteration in the use made of land or structures;
(d) "development officer" means the person or persons appointed by a council to administer a land-use or subdivision by-law;
(e) "Director" means the Provincial Director of Planning appointed pursuant to this Part, and includes a person acting under the supervision and direction of the Director;
(f) "former Planning Act" means Chapter 346 of the Revised Statutes, 1989, the Planning Act and any predecessor to that Act;
(g) "incentive or bonus zoning" means requirements that permit the relaxation of certain requirements if an applicant exceeds other requirements or undertakes other action, in the public interest, as specified in the requirements;
(h) "municipal planning strategy" means a municipal planning strategy, intermunicipal planning strategy or secondary planning strategy;
(i) "nonconforming structure" means a structure that does not meet the applicable requirements of a land-use by-law;
(j) "nonconforming use of land" means a use of land that is not permitted in the zone;
(k) "nonconforming use in a structure" means a use in a structure that is not permitted in the zone in which the structure is located;
(l) "participating municipality" means a municipality participating in a commission;
(m) "planning area" means the area to which a municipal or inter-municipal planning strategy applies;
(n) "planning documents" means
(ii) an amendment to a municipal planning strategy and a land-use by-law amendment to carry out the municipal planning strategy amendment, and
(iii) a subdivision by-law and an amendment to it;
(p) "structure" includes a building;
(q) "subdivision" means the division of an area of land into two or more parcels, and includes a resubdivision or a consolidation of two or more parcels;
(r) "watercourse" means a lake, river, stream, ocean or other body of water.
192 (1) The Minister shall appoint from the public service an officer in the Department of Housing and Municipal Affairs to be known as the Provincial Director of Planning.
(2) The Minister may, from time to time, authorize another person in the Department of Housing and Municipal Affairs to act in the Director's stead.
193 The Governor in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister, may adopt or amend a statement of provincial interest necessary to protect the provincial interest in the use and development of land.
194 (1) When preparing or amending a statement of provincial interest, the Minister shall seek the views of councils affected by the proposed statement.
(2) The statements of provincial interest in Schedule B are deemed to be statements of provincial interest pursuant to this Part.
(3) The Minister may, at any time, review a statement of provincial interest.
(4) The Governor in Council may amend or repeal a statement of provincial interest, including a statement of provincial interest included in Schedule B.
(5) A statement of provincial interest is regulations within the meaning of the Regulations Act.
195 Upon the adoption or amendment by the Governor in Council of a statement of provincial interest, the Minister shall send a copy of the statement to the clerk of each municipality affected by it and give notice of its adoption in a newspaper circulating in the affected area.
196 The activities of the Province shall be reasonably consistent with a statement of provincial interest.
197 A department of the Province, before carrying out or authorizing any development in a municipality, shall consider the planning documents of the municipality.
198 (1) Planning documents adopted after the adoption of a statement of provincial interest shall be reasonably consistent with the statement.
(2) The Minister may request that a council, within a prescribed time, adopt or amend its planning documents so that they are reasonably consistent with a statement of provincial interest.
(a) a council does not comply with a request pursuant to subsection (2); or
(b) development that is inconsistent with a statement of provincial interest might occur and the Minister is satisfied that there are necessary and compelling reasons to establish an interim planning area to protect the provincial interest,
the Minister may, by order, establish an interim planning area for a prescribed area.
(4) Within an interim planning area, development, or certain classes of development, may be regulated or prohibited, as necessary, to protect the provincial interest.
(5) No permit or approval of any kind may be issued that is contrary to an order establishing an interim planning area or an order regulating or prohibiting development in the interim planning area.
(6) The Minister shall
(a) send a copy of an order establishing an interim planning area and any order regulating or prohibiting development in the interim planning area to the clerk of each municipality affected; and
(b) give notice that an order is in effect in a newspaper circulating in the area affected.
(7) Where a council adopts planning documents in a manner reasonably consistent with a statement of provincial interest and the documents are in effect, the Minister shall revoke an order establishing an interim planning area for the prescribed area.
199 The Halifax-Dartmouth Metropolitan Regional Development Plan and Regulations, adopted and amended pursuant to the former Planning Act, are repealed.
200 (1) A municipality may, by policy, establish a planning advisory committee and may establish different planning advisory committees for different parts of the municipality.
(2) Two or more municipalities may, by policy, establish a joint planning advisory committee.
(3) A planning advisory committee or joint planning advisory committee shall include members of the public and may include a representative appointed by a village.
(4) The purpose of a planning advisory committee or a joint planning advisory committee is to advise respecting the preparation or amendment of planning documents and respecting planning matters generally.
(5) The duties assigned, pursuant to this Part, to a planning advisory committee or a joint planning advisory committee shall only be carried out by the committee.
(6) The council shall appoint members of a planning advisory committee or a joint planning advisory committee by resolution.
201 (1) A municipality may establish, by policy, one or more area planning advisory committees to advise the planning advisory committee or joint planning advisory committee on planning matters affecting a specific area.
(2) An area planning advisory committee shall include members of the public.
(3) An area planning advisory committee, with jurisdiction over an area that includes all or part of a village, shall include at least one member appointed by the village commission.
(4) The council shall appoint members of an area planning advisory committee by resolution.
202 In the policy establishing a planning advisory committee, joint planning advisory committee or area planning advisory committee the council shall
(a) fix the term of appointment and any provisions for reappointment;
(b) fix the remuneration, if any, to be paid to the chair of the committee, if the chair is not a council member;
(c) fix the remuneration, if any, to be paid to those members of the committee who are not council members;
(d) establish the duties and procedures of the committee; and
(e) provide for the appointment of the chair and other officers of the committee.
203 (1) Meetings of a planning advisory committee, joint planning advisory committee or area planning advisory committee or a commission are open to the public, unless the committee or commission, by a majority vote, moves a meeting in private to discuss matters related to
(a) personnel, labour relations, contract negotiations, litigation or potential litigation or legal advice eligible for solicitor-client privilege; or
(b) a potential application for a development permit, land-use by-law amendment, development agreement or amendment to a development agreement before the applicant has applied to the municipality or development officer.
(2) The date, time and location of committee or commission meetings shall be posted in a conspicuous place in the municipal office or another conspicuous place, as determined by the committee or commission.
(3) Any person may view
(a) committee or commission minutes, other than for a meeting in private, after they are adopted; and
(b) committee or commission reports to council, after they are submitted to the council.
(4) A planning advisory committee, joint planning advisory committee or area planning advisory committee may hold meetings for public discussion when, and in the manner, it or the council decides.
204 (1) A council shall adopt, by policy, a public participation program concerning the preparation of planning documents.
(2) A council may adopt different public participation programs for different types of planning documents.
(3) The content of a public participation program is at the discretion of the council, but it shall identify opportunities and establish ways and means of seeking the opinions of the public concerning the proposed planning documents.
205 (1) A council shall adopt, by by-law, planning documents by a majority vote of the maximum number of members that may be elected to the council.
(2) A by-law adopting planning documents shall be read twice.
(3) Before planning documents are read for a second time the council shall hold a public hearing.
(4) A council shall complete the public participation program before placing the first notice for a public hearing in a newspaper circulating in the municipality.
(5) The notice for the public hearing is sufficient compliance with the requirement to advertise second reading of a by-law.
(6) Second reading shall not occur until the council has considered any submissions made or received at the public hearing.
(7) Only those council members present at the public hearing may vote on second reading of the planning documents.
206 (1) Prior to holding a public hearing required pursuant to this Part, the clerk shall give notice of the public hearing in a newspaper, circulating in the municipality, inserted at least once a week, for two successive weeks.
(2) The first notice of the public hearing shall be published at least fourteen days before the date of the public hearing.
(3) The notice of the public hearing shall
(a) state the place where, and the hours during which, the proposed documents may be inspected by the public;
(b) state the date, time and place set for the public hearing;
(c) describe by metes and bounds, a plan, map, sketch or civic address or other description adequate to identify the area affected by the proposed documents;
(d) give a synopsis of the proposed documents, if the public hearing is with respect to an amendment to a municipal planning strategy or land-use by-law or the approval or amendment of a development agreement.
(4) Copies of the proposed documents or portions of the documents shall be provided to a person, on request, upon payment of a reasonable fee set by the council, by policy, sufficient to recover the cost of providing the copies.
(5) Upon the publication of the first notice of the public hearing, the clerk shall send a copy of the notice to the clerk of every municipality that immediately abuts an area affected by the proposed documents.
(6) Upon the publication of the first notice of the public hearing, the clerk shall send a copy of the notice to the clerk of every village in which an affected property is situate.
207 (1) The councils of two or more municipalities, two or more community councils or the council of a regional municipality and one or more community councils may agree to hold a joint public hearing regarding the adoption or amendment of an inter-municipal planning strategy.
(2) When a proposed development is subject to a public hearing pursuant to another Act of the Legislature, the council may provide for a single hearing process for the proposed development, if this Act is complied with.
208 (1) Planning documents are subject to review by the Director.
(2) The clerk shall submit four certified copies of the planning documents to the Director.
(3) Where the Director determines that the planning documents
(a) appear to affect a provincial interest;
(b) may not be reasonably consistent with an applicable statement of provincial interest;
(c) appear to conflict with the law; or
(d) in the case of a subdivision by-law, may conflict with the provincial subdivision regulations,
the planning documents are subject to the Minister's approval.
(4) Within thirty days after receiving the planning documents, the Director shall
(a) return two copies of the planning documents to the clerk, with a written notice affixed stating that they are not subject to the approval of the Minister; or
(b) provide written notice to the clerk that the planning documents are subject to the approval of the Minister and include the reasons why they are so subject.
(5) Compliance with the procedural requirements for the adoption or amendment of planning documents is not subject to the review of the Director or the Minister.
(6) Within sixty days after the date of a written notice that planning documents are subject to the approval of the Minister, the Minister shall
(a) approve all or part of the documents;
(b) approve the documents with amendments; or
(c) refuse to approve the documents,
and return to the clerk two copies of the planning documents as approved, amended or refused with written reasons for the decision.
(7) Where no decision is made in accordance with subsection (6), the planning documents are deemed to be approved on the sixty-first day and the clerk shall place a notice in a newspaper circulating in the municipality advising that the planning documents are in effect as of the date of the notice, stating where the documents may be inspected.
(8) Except where the Minister refuses to approve planning documents, upon receipt of the planning documents from the Director or the Minister, the clerk shall place a written notice in a newspaper circulating in the municipality advising that the planning documents, or planning documents as amended by the Minister, are in effect as of the date of that notice, stating where the documents may be inspected.
(9) A notice that planning documents are in effect is publication of a by-law for the purposes of this Act.
(10) A municipal planning strategy takes effect on the date a notice is published in a newspaper, circulating in the municipality, informing the public that the municipal planning strategy and its implementing land-use by-law are in effect.
209 Planning documents may be repealed and the procedure for repealing them is the same as the procedure for adopting them.
210 (1) An amendment to a land-use by-law that
(a) is undertaken in accordance with the municipal planning strategy; and
(b) is not required to carry out a concurrent amendment to a municipal planning strategy,
is not subject to the review of the Director or the approval of the Minister.
(2) The procedure for the adoption of an amendment to a land-use by-law referred to in subsection (1) is the same as the procedure for the adoption of planning documents, but a public participation program is at the discretion of the council and the amendment may be adopted by a majority of votes of the council members present at the meeting.
(3) Upon the adoption of an amendment to a land-use by-law referred to in subsection (1), the clerk shall place a notice in a newspaper circulating in the municipality stating that the amendment has been adopted and setting out the right of appeal.
(4) When notice of an amendment to a land-use by-law referred to in subsection (1) is published, the clerk shall file a certified copy of the amending by-law with the Minister.
(5) Within seven days after a decision to refuse to amend a land-use by-law referred to in subsection (1), the clerk shall notify the applicant in writing, giving reasons for the refusal and setting out the right of appeal.
(6) Where the council has not, within one hundred and twenty days after receipt of a completed application to amend a land-use by-law referred to in subsection (1), commenced the procedure required for amending the land-use by-law by publishing the required notice of public hearing, the application is deemed to have been refused.
(7) Within seven days after an application to amend a land-use by-law, referred to in subsection (1), being deemed to be refused, the clerk shall notify the applicant in writing that the application is deemed to have been refused and setting out the right to appeal.
(8) An amendment to a land-use by-law referred to in subsection (1) is effective when
(a) the appeal period has elapsed and no appeal has been commenced; or
(b) all appeals have been abandoned or disposed of or the amendment has been affirmed by the Board.
211 (1) A council may, by policy, adopt amendments to
(a) the engineering specifications in a subdivision by-law;
(b) the processing fees set out in a land-use by-law or in a subdivision by-law;
(c) a subdivision by-law resulting from an amendment to the provincial subdivision regulations.
(2) An amendment referred to in subsection (1) is not subject to the review of the Director or the approval of the Minister.
212 A council may adopt a municipal planning strategy for all, or part, of the municipality and there may be separate strategies for different parts of the municipality.
213 The purpose of a municipal planning strategy is to provide statements of policy to guide the development and management of the municipality and, to further this purpose, to establish
(a) policies which address problems and opportunities concerning the development of land and the effects of the development;
(b) policies to provide a framework for the environmental, social and economic development within a municipality;
(c) policies that are reasonably consistent with the intent of statements of provincial interest; and
(d) specify programs and actions necessary for implementing the municipal planning planning strategy.
214 (1) A municipal planning strategy may include statements of policy with respect to any or all of the following:
(a) the goals and objectives of the municipality for its future;
(b) the physical, economic and social environment of the municipality;
(c) the protection, use and development of lands within the municipality, including the identification, protection, use and development of lands subject to flooding, steep slopes, lands susceptible to subsidence, erosion or other geological hazards, swamps, marshes or other environmentally sensitive areas;
(d) stormwater management and erosion control;
(e) in connection with a development, the excavation or filling in of land, the placement of fill or the removal of soil, unless these matters are subject to another enactment of the Province;
(f) in connection with a development, retention of trees and vegetation for the purposes of landscaping, buffering, sedimentation or erosion control;
(g) studies to be carried out prior to undertaking specified developments or developments in specified areas;
(h) the staging of development;
(i) the provision of municipal services and facilities;
(j) municipal investment for public and private development and the coordination of public programs relating to the economic, social and physical development of the municipality;
(k) non-conforming uses and structures;
(l) the subdivision of land;
(m) the use and conservation of energy, including the height and siting of developments;
(n) measures for informing, or securing, the views of the public regarding contemplated planning policies and actions or by-laws arising from such policies;
(o) policies governing
(ii) amendment of the land-use by-law,
(iii) the acceptance and use of cash-in-lieu of required parking,
(iv) the use of development agreements,
(v) the establishment of comprehensive development districts,
(vi) the use of site-plan approval areas,
(vii) the establishment of transportation reserves,
(viii) the use of infrastructure charges;
(q) any other matter relating to the physical, social or economic environment of the municipality.
(2) A council shall include policies in the municipal planning strategy on how it intends to review the municipal planning strategy and land-use by-law.
215 (1) Councils of two or more municipalities may agree to adopt a mutually binding intermunicipal planning strategy.
(2) The provisions of this Act that apply to a municipal planning strategy apply to an intermunicipal planning strategy.
216 (1) A municipal planning strategy may provide for the preparation and adoption of a secondary planning strategy which applies, as part of the municipal planning strategy, to a specific area or areas of the municipality.
(2) The purpose of a secondary planning strategy is to address issues with respect to a particular part of the planning area, which may not, in the opinion of the council, be adequately addressed in the municipal planning strategy alone.
217 (1) A municipality shall not act in a manner that is inconsistent with a municipal planning strategy.
(2) The adoption of a municipal planning strategy does not commit the council to undertake any of the projects suggested in it.
218 (1) A municipality may
(a) acquire and assemble land for the purpose of carrying out a development consistent with the municipal planning strategy, whether the development is to be undertaken by the municipality or not; or
(b) by agreement with the owners of the land, acquire the right to impose easements or other development restrictions on the lands as if it had acquired the title.
(2) The municipality may subdivide, rearrange and deal with lands described in clause (1)(a) as if it were a private owner and may sell the lands subject to any building restrictions or easements that the council requires to ensure the development is consistent with the municipal planning strategy.
219 (1) Where a council adopts a municipal planning strategy or a municipal planning strategy amendment that contains policies about regulating land use and development, the council shall, at the same time, adopt a land-use by-law or land-use by-law amendment that shall enable the policies to be carried out.
(2) A council may amend a land-use by-law in accordance with policies contained in the municipal planning strategy.
(3) A council shall not adopt or amend a land-use by-law except to carry out the intent of a municipal planning strategy.
220 (1) A land-use by-law shall include maps that divide the planning area into zones.
(2) A land-use by-law shall
(a) list permitted or prohibited uses for each zone; and
(b) include provisions that are authorized pursuant to this Act and that are needed to implement the municipal planning strategy.
(3) A land-use by-law may regulate or prohibit development, but development may not be totally prohibited, unless prohibition is permitted pursuant to this Part.
(4) A land-use by-law may
(a) regulate the minimum dimensions for frontage and lot area for any class of use and size of structure;
(b) regulate the maximum floor area of each use to be placed upon a lot, where more than one use is permitted upon a lot;
(c) regulate the maximum area of the ground that a structure may cover;
(d) regulate the height of structures;
(e) regulate the percentage of land that may be built upon;
(f) regulate the size, or other requirements, relating to yards;
(g) regulate the maximum density of dwelling units;
(h) require and regulate the establishment and location of off-street parking and loading facilities;
(i) regulate the location of developments adjacent to pits and quarries;
(j) regulate the period of time for which temporary developments may be permitted;
(k) prescribe the form of an application for a development permit, the content of a development permit, the period of time for which the permit is valid and any provisions for revoking or renewing the permit;
(l) prescribe the fees for an application to amend a land-use by-law or for entering into a development agreement, site plan or variance.
(5) Where a municipal planning strategy so provides, a land-use by-law may
(a) subject to the Public Highways Act, regulate or restrict the location, size and number of accesses from a lot to the abutting streets, provided that a lot has access to at least one street;
(b) regulate or prohibit the type, number, size and location of signs and sign structures;
(c) regulate, require or prohibit fences, walks, outdoor lighting and landscaping;
(d) in connection with a development, regulate, or require the planting or retention of, trees and vegetation for the purposes of landscaping, buffering, sedimentation or erosion control;
(e) regulate or prohibit the outdoor storage of goods, machinery, vehicles, building materials, waste materials, aggregates and other items and require outdoor storage sites to be screened by landscaping or structures;
(f) regulate the location of disposal sites for any waste material;
(g) in relation to a development, regulate or prohibit the altering of land levels, the excavation or filling in of land, the placement of fill or the removal of soil unless these matters are regulated by another enactment of the Province;
(h) regulate or prohibit the removal of topsoil;
(i) regulate the external appearance of structures;
(j) set out conditions, including performance standards, to be met by a development before a development permit may be issued;
(k) provide for incentive or bonus zoning;
(l) prescribe methods for controlling erosion and sedimentation during the construction of a development;
(m) regulate or prohibit excavation, filling in, placement of fill or reclamation of land on floodplains identified in the land-use by-law;
(n) prohibit development or certain classes of development where, in the opinion of council, the
(ii) provision of municipal wastewater facilities, stormwater systems or water systems would be premature, or
(iii) cost of maintaining municipal streets would be prohibitive;
(p) prohibit development on land that
(ii) has steep slopes,
(iii) is low-lying, marshy, or unstable,
(iv) is otherwise hazardous for development because of its soil conditions, geological conditions, undermining or topography,
(v) is known to be contaminated within the meaning of the Environment Act, or
(vi) is located in an area where development is prohibited by a statement of provincial interest or by an enactment of the Province;
(r) permit the development officer to grant variances in parking and loading spaces, ground area and height, floor area occupied by a home-based business and the height and area of a sign.
(6) A municipality may enter into an agreement with the Government of Canada pursuant to the Aeronautics Act (Canada).
221 (1) A land-use by-law may identify the class or classes of by-law amendments, development agreements or amendments to development agreements that require
(a) notifying affected property owners who are either the assessed owners or are as otherwise defined in the land-use by-law for this purpose; and
(b) a sign to be posted on the affected property describing the requested by-law amendment, development agreement or amendment to a development agreement.
(2) A council may by resolution provide that any person applying for a land-use by-law amendment, a development agreement or an amendment to a development agreement shall pay the municipality the cost of
(a) any required advertising;
(b) notifying affected land owners;
(c) posting a sign.
222 (1) A council may zone privately owned land for future public use other than transportation reserves if the by-law provides for an alternative zone on the land, consistent with the municipal planning strategy.
(2) Where privately owned land is zoned for future public use the municipality shall, within one year of the effective date of the zoning, acquire the land or the alternative zone comes into effect.
223 (1) Where provided for in a municipal planning strategy, council may accept money instead of all or part of any required off-street parking lot or facility.
(2) Council shall use any money received to construct or maintain municipally owned parking or transit facilities to serve the immediate area of the development with respect to which the payment was made, provided the facilities are located in an area identified in the municipal planning strategy.
(3) The method used to determine the contribution for parking or transit facilities shall be set out in the land-use by-law and shall take into account the cost of construction of an individual parking space, including costs of land, grading and paving or any other standard determined by the council.
224 (1) Where a municipal planning strategy identifies property required for the purposes of widening, altering or diverting an existing street or pathway or for the purposes of a new street or pathway, council may, in a land-use by-law identify the transportation reserve and
(a) set out its intention to acquire property for the purposes of widening, altering or diverting an existing street or pathway, or for the purposes of a new street or pathway;
(b) set out the proposed right-of-way intended to be acquired;
(c) set out building setbacks for the widened, altered, diverted or new street or pathway;
(d) prohibit development in the proposed right-of-way or between the proposed right-of-way and the building setbacks.
(2) Any right-of-way and any building setbacks shall be shown on a map or plan that is attached to and forms part of the land-use by-law.
(3) Where the council adopts by-law provisions in accordance with this Section it shall provide for an alternate zone on the property to be acquired.
(4) The alternate zone comes into effect if the municipality does not acquire the property in the right-of-way within five years of the effective date of the provisions.
(5) Where council adopts provisions in accordance with this Section, an affected property owner may make a written request to council to acquire the property or acquire an interest in the property, at the discretion of council.
(6) Where council does not acquire the property or acquire the interest in the property within one year of the written request of an affected property owner, the alternate zone on the property comes into effect.
225 (1) A council may consider development by development agreement where a municipal planning strategy identifies
(a) the developments that are subject to a development agreement;
(b) the area or areas where the developments may be located; and
(c) the matters that council shall consider prior to the approval of a development agreement.
(2) The land-use by-law shall identify the developments to be considered by development agreement.
226 (1) A council may regulate the development of a district by development agreement by establishing a comprehensive development district where the municipal planning strategy identifies
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